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400 Sierra College Drive, Suite A
Grass Valley, CA 95945
P: (530) 272-3411 | F: (530) 272-3474
Sierra Ambulatory
Surgery Center


What are the treatments for Glaucoma?
Treatment for glaucoma primarily involves eye drops. The mechanism of action includes blocking the production of intraocular fluid, or enhancing itís out flow. These drops are taken once or twice a day generally for the life of the patient. If taken responsibly, most glaucoma can be controlled with eye drops alone. Noncompliance with eye drops is a frequent and serious problem. Many patients avoid taking their glaucoma drops because of the cost, inconvenience or potential side effects.

ALT and SLT (Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty) are laser treatments of the drain of the eye to reduce the pressure. Their effect of pressure lowering is excellent but may last for only 2-3 years. Laser iridotomy is a laser procedure used to prevent angle closure glaucoma.

Surgical management of glaucoma is generally reserved for those cases that cannot be controlled by glaucoma drops or laser therapy. Procedures such as Trabeculectomy, Goniotomy, Tube Shunts, Viscocanalostomy, and microshunts work by creating a shunt to enhance the fluid out flow thereby lowering intraocular pressure.

One of the most common methods for lowering eye pressure is cataract surgery. While this does not work in all cases, studies have shown that cataract surgery alone lowers intraocular pressure by as much as 30%.


The material contained on this site is for informational purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment.  Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health care provider.